Question 1: What is the ruling on targeting those who are referred to as “civilians” in the West?
- Before answering this question, we say that classifying the people into civilians and military is not the way our jurists divided people and is not derived from the Book of Allah and sunnah. Instead it is a new classifcation and unfortunately many of those who speak in the name of religion started using this false classifcation and used it to base on it rulings. If this proves something it proves how far the intellectual occupation has reached into the minds of those who are the people of religion and fatwa.
Regarding the question, then we say that in our Islamic shari'ah the disbelievers divide into two groups. The first, people of war who fight Muslims and for these their blood is not protected. The second, disbelievers who are not in a state of war with Muslims and do not fight them. Based on that, the disbeliever who is in a state of war with the Muslims is killed because of his disbelief. The evidence for that is in the Book of Allah such as the verse:
"And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you fnd them" [9: 5].
In this verse, Allah based the order of killing them on their associating other gods with Allah. This proves that the bases for killing the disbelievers is their disbelief. However there are times when there exists a temporary reason for making an exception to this rule. Such a reason is when there is a truce or a covenant with the disbelievers and when there is a covenant the blood of the disbeliever becomes protected. The evidence for this is the ĥadīth: "
Whoever kills a person with a covenant will not smell paradise and the smell of paradise can be found from a distance of a forty years
."Allah says: And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fght against you collectively
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